segunda-feira, 16 de abril de 2018

The Veterinary

The Veterinary

Veterinary medicine is one of many areas of knowledge linked to the maintenance and restoration of health. She works in a broad sense, to the prevention and cure of diseases of animals and humans in a medical context. Being the professional business area of ​​animal / public health formed a Faculty of Veterinary Medicine or an educational establishment Highly Qualified.
veterenary logo
Veterenary logo
Veterinary medicine is the medical science that is dedicated to the prevention, control, eradication and treatment of disease, trauma or any other damage to health of animals, beyond the control of the health of products and by-products of animal origin for human consumption. It also seeks to ensure the quality, quantity and safety of stocks of animal food through animal health control and processes to get their products.The veterinarian also popularly called Doctor, is the professional authorized by the state to practice Veterinary Medicine, taking care of animal health by preventing, diagnosing and curing the disease, which requires detailed knowledge of academic subjects (such as anatomy and physiology ) behind the disease and treatment - the science of medicine - and competence in its applied practice - the art of medicine.

Both the doctor's role and the meaning of the word vary significantly around the world, but as a general understanding, medical ethics requires that physicians show consideration, compassion and benevolence towards their animal patients. Veterinarians can be general, that is not specialized in any particular area or specialists when specializing in some area.
With understanding the science of the origin and spread of various diseases, and as vectors domestic or wild animals, and to ensure the very physical safety of animals, veterinary medicine has become an important adjunct in public health policies of countries. Spread of epidemic disease, human or animal, is the installation of veterinary barriers that prevent their spread an effective means of control. (
Common Things That Make Veterinarians Crazy)

Allied to this, one of the fields of Veterinary Medicine which is in great rise is the Animal Health Protection, whose objectives are precisely to prevent the occurrence of exotic diseases which may have serious impacts on public health or economic animals, and control or eradicate endemic diseases.
Currently, they are recognized over a hundred zoonoses and numerous other infectious animal diseases that bring serious economic consequences. To combat them, the veterinarian sanitarian exerts Epidemiological Surveillance active, acting directly in the field and controlling the movement of animals, performing the inspection of animal products - such as meat products, milk, eggs, fish and honey looking for signs of diseases that can be transmitted to humans or that might indicate the health status of the herds.

quinta-feira, 12 de abril de 2018

Arabian Horse - Mariana Travassos

Arabian Horse by Mariana Travassos

This month I show you again my great passion for horses. I'm going to introduce the Arabian horse.

This breed is famous for its grace, speed and endurance. Arabians are thought to be one of the oldest breeds of domesticated horse, and were critical to the culture and lives of desert tribes in the Middle East. Classic books including "The Black Stallion" and "King of the Wind" feature the ancient and storied breed.
However, Arabian horses stand out not just for their long history and particularly good looks. Arabian horses are built differently than other horses.
Black, sorrel and brown are the colors that make the Arabian horse distinguish normally, although at the moment they make other combinations of colors that look very well in the Arab horse. The height usually can vary between 1.40 m to 1.58 m to the club.

It is an equine breed originated in the Arabian Peninsula, undoubtedly they are the oldest breed of horses in the world. A race very easy to identify due to the shape of the skull, its tail having the first vertebra of the oxtail slightly inclined upwards, and for being extremely expressive! It has small ears and short muzzle.  

Mariana Travassos at Monte Inglês - Horse Ubrico 
Speed, endurance something not missing from these horses, were used to improve other breeds, giving them more speed, refinement, endurance and bone structure.
Their eyes are usually large allowing them to have a great view, around their eyes are a dark skin that makes the reflection of the sun less light and also protects from sunburn.
The Arabian horse has a very fine coat which makes the sweat evaporate and the horse is more favorable to take more work since it can cool your body with the evaporation of sweat, in addition to these factors, the horse must have a minimally adequate food.
They are also characterized by "warm-blooded" horses, they say that these horses were made for speed, and that they are a bit difficult to tame but with a good teaching respect them perfectly, we have to have a strong connection, and to conquer the horse, usually after that cooperate very well with humans, are extremely intelligent horses.

I am ride weekly an Arabian Horse  and I love it, it is very docile and it is very well taught, I learn a lot from it.

Mariana Travassos


Yours Paulo Ricardo Rebelo


terça-feira, 10 de abril de 2018

Friday the 13th Black Cats and Other Cat Superstitions

Superstition, prejudice, bringer of good or bad luck

As Friday the 13th rolls around, pictures of black cats are popping up everywhere. For some reason, black cats have been doused with a witch’s brew of superstition—the result of cult horror films (remember the Anna Faris vs. black cat fight scene in Scary Movie 2?) and society’s unending portrayal of black cats as unlucky or evil.

The folklore surrounding black cats varies from culture to culture. The Scots believe that a strange black cat's arrival to the home signifies prosperity. In Celtic mythology, a fairy known as the Cat Sìth takes the form of a black cat. Black cats are also considered good luck in the rest of Britain and Japan. Furthermore, it is believed that a lady who owns a black cat will have many suitors. In Western history, black cats have often been looked upon as a symbol of evil omens, specifically being suspected of being the familiars of witches, or actually shape-shifting witches themselves. Most of Europe considers the black cat a symbol of bad luck, particularly if one walks across the path in front of a person, which is believed to be an omen of misfortune and death. In Germany, some believe that black cats crossing a person's path from right to left, is a bad omen. But from left to right, the cat is granting favorable times. In the United Kingdom it is commonly considered that a black cat crossing a person's path is a good omen.
The black cat in folklore has been able to change into human shape to act as a spy or courier for witches or demons. When the Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth Rock, they brought with them a devout faith in the Bible. They also brought a deepening suspicion of anything deemed of Satan and were a deeply suspicious group. They viewed the black cat as a companion, or a familiar to witches. Anyone caught with a black cat would be severely punished or even killed. They viewed the black cat as part demon and part sorcery. These superstitions led people to kill black cats. There is no evidence from England of regular large-scale massacres of "satanic" cats, or of burning them in midsummer bonfires, as sometimes occurred elsewhere in Europe.

In contrast, the supernatural powers ascribed to black cats were sometimes viewed positively; for example, sailors considering a "ship's cat" would want a black one because it would bring good luck. Sometimes, fishermen's wives would keep black cats at home too, in the hope that they would be able to use their influence to protect their husbands at sea (see Ship's cat). The view of black cats being favorable creatures is attributed specifically to the Egyptian goddess Bast (or Bastet), the cat goddess. Egyptian households believed they could gain favor from Bastet by hosting black cats in their household. This view was held in the early 17th century by the English monarch Charles I. Upon the death of his treasured pet black cat, he is said to have lamented that his luck was gone. True to his claim, he was arrested the very next day and charged with high treason.
Pirates of the 18th century believed that a black cat would bring different kinds of luck. If a black cat walks towards someone, that person will have bad luck. If a black cat walks away from someone then that person will have good luck.
Conversely in the United Kingdom if a black cat walks towards someone, it brings good fortune, but if it walks away, it takes the good luck with it. If a black cat walks onto a ship and then walks off it, the ship is doomed to sink on its next trip.
Black cats have been found to have lower odds of adoption in American shelters compared to other colors except brown, although black animals in general take more time to find homes. Some shelters also suspend or limit adoptions of black cats around Halloween  for fear they will be tortured, or used as "living decorations" for the holiday and then abandoned. Despite this, no one has ever documented in the history of humane work any relationship between adopting black cats and cats being killed or injured. When such killings are reported, forensic evidence has pointed to natural predators, such as coyotes, eagles, or raptors as the likely cause. August 17 is "Black Cat Appreciation Day".
In the early days of television in the United States, many stations located on VHF channel 13 used a black cat as a mascot in order to make sport of being located on an "unlucky" channel number.

More Curiosities 

Most people wouldn't admit to it, but if it's Friday the 13th, even if you don't really believe all the superstitions, you might get out of a black cat's way (assuming you don't live with one) on this day. It's an odd superstition, but it wasn't just created out of thin air. According to the People's Almanac, there is reason behind the "don't let a black cat cross your path" on Friday the 13th superstition:

"The Egyptians worshiped the cat and punished anyone who dared to kill one. In the Middle Ages, however, the black cat was linked to witches and Satan. Since it was believed that a witch had the power to transform herself into a cat, it was thought likely that a cat who crossed one's path was a witch in disguise."

Of course, as friends of felines, we don't believe any of that...right!?

Here are some other cat superstitions that are out there:

  • If a cat scratches behind his ear, rain is on the way.
  • Dreaming of a white cat brings the dreamer good luck.
  • If a cat run around wildly, expect the wind to blow.
  • Kittens born in May will bring snakes into the house. (Celtic myth)
  • Cats found lurking in coal mines are bad luck.
  • Stroking a black cat's tail will cure a sty in your eye.
  • A black cat in the audience means success for a play.
  • If a young unmarried girl accidentally steps on a cat's tail, she will have to wait 12 months to find a husband. (French myth)
  • A cat's sneeze brings luck to all who hear it. (Italian myth)
  • If a cat sits with his back to a fire, expect a storm or frost.